If you are out in your garden and you notice mounds of soil, you may wonder what is happening. Unlike ant piles, they look similar to small soil volcanoes and they are soft if you step on them. These dirt piles are a sure sign that you have moles burrowing and digging tunnels throughout your garden. It is important to identify that they are in fact moles and then learn how to get rid of them. Moles can do a lot of damage to your garden so you will want to take action as soon as you notice their presence.
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How to Determine That You Have Moles in the Garden
Because moles live underground, you will not see much of the damage they do. They live underground and dig vast systems of tunnels to hunt for food. As they dig, you will see small piles of dirty soil come to the surface of your garden. They look similar to small volcanoes or a pile of something else depending on your type of soil…. You may also notice raised ridges that lead from one pile to the nest. These are the tunnels that the moles dig to move across the garden.
You will notice moles in the spring, early in the summer, and in the fall because this is when they stay close to the surface of the ground. In the heat of the summer, they are much deeper underground so you aren’t able to see what they are doing. In the winter, they live even deeper in their nesting burrows but they are still active. They don’t come up near the frozen ground.
What Do Moles Eat?
Moles are insectivores, which means that they feed on grubs, worms, and other insects that live under the ground. This is important to understand because if you can eliminate the mole’s food source, it will likely move somewhere where it does have access to food. You can use products that are designed to get rid of grubs and other insects. This will help you get rid of the moles.
How Do Moles Look?
Moles are between six and eight inches long and they are shaped like a tube. Their fur is black or brown and it is short, dense, and soft. They have a long, pointed, pink nose and short, powerful legs that are designed for digging. Their front feet are larger than their hind feet and they have claws that are ideal for digging. They move through their tunnels with their feet digging in front as they rummage through the dirt they move out of the way to find their food.
How to Get Rid of Moles
If you discover moles in your garden, you will want to get rid of them. They will leave long, raised ridges throughout the yard and this will destroy your lawn. There are several different methods that you can use. Continue reading to discover how to get rid of moles in your garden.
1. Eliminate Their Food Source
The first step towards getting rid of moles is to eliminate their food source. The primary reason why moles dig their tunnels is to find food and if there is no food, they will go somewhere else. They eat insects that live underground, including grubs, earthworms, and others. If you make sure that you control grubs and other lawn insects, you will not have a food source for the moles.
2. Don’t Water Your Garden Too Much
Moles and their food sources love soft, moist soil. If you water your lawn too much, you will make the earth underneath perfect for both the moles and their food sources. Your lawn only needs a little bit of water each week and if it rains, it probably has enough. Avoid overwatering and let the soil dry out a little bit.
3. Use Mole Repellents
You can purchase mole repellents to remove the moles from your yard. They will not kill the moles but they are made with castor oil, which is a taste and smell that moles hate. They will relocate if you put this in your yard. You can apply it once a month during the times when moles are active in your garden.
You have a choice between liquid mole repellents and granular mole repellents. Granular repellents are spread over the soil and they are made of castor oil and other ingredients. Liquid repellents can be attached to a hose and you can spray the area where the moles are digging. You can also use castor oil to create your own repellent. This might be more cost-effective if you need to remove a lot of moles.
4. Exterminate the Moles
If all else fails, you may want to exterminate the moles and then you can start over with preventative care to prevent moles from moving into your yard. You can use a number of different products to eliminate moles. First you need to locate the tunnels and you will poke a hole into one. You can put a mole trap or use bait to kill them. They will eat a baited earthworm and then die within 24 hours.
5. Use Ultrasonic Mole Spikes
One other option for getting rid of moles is to use ultrasonic mole spikes that emit a high-frequency sound. This will cause moles to leave and find another place to search for food. They are often powered by solar energy and they are on spikes that go into the ground. There is some debate as to whether they are effective or not but some people find that they help.
If you feel you need further help there is the British Mole Catchers Register
If you find that you have moles in the garden, you will likely want to remove them. They can wreak havoc on your garden by leaving raised ridges along the lawn as well as piles of dirt. You can get rid of them by eliminating their food source and using mole repellents. If all else fails, you can use traps and bait to kill the moles and then you should use preventative measures to keep them away.